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  1. This guide will explain how to setup OpenVPN in a way such that only select programs will be able to use the VPN connection while all other life continues as usual. Please read this notice before applying the guide Advantages: fail-free "kill switch" functionality (actually better than 98% of VPNs out there) continue using another VPN as primary or don't reroute any other traffic at all nobody, not even peers on LAN, will be able to connect to your torrent client (the only way: through the VPN connection) - eliminating unintended leaks Disadvantage: the apps will still use your default DNS for hostname lookups (secure your DNS separately!) See two more drawings at the end. The guide is applicable to all VPN providers who don't restrict their users to use the OpenVPN client. The method however is universally applicable. It was made with examples from Windows, but with Linux/BSD you will only need little tweaking to do. Specifically, net_gateway placeholder may not available and that's all there is to it. Android clients are probably too limited for this task and lack options we need. - Since there'll be a lot of text, sections titled in (parantheses) are entirely optional to read. The other guide by NaDre is old (2013), hard to read and pursues a slightly different approach. A Staff member actually posted a good first comment there, that's what we're gonna do. (Preface) The BitTorrent as a network is entirely public. Through the decentralized technology called DHT, everyone in the world can find out what torrents you are presumably participating in (this does not apply to private trackers who disable DHT). Clearly this creates an unhealthy atmosphere for privacy of users, e.g. one could find out the OS distribution one is using for a more targetted attack etc. Sometimes the ISPs are outright hostile to peer-to-peer technologies due to the traffic and bandwidth these are consuming. Instead of upgrading dated infrastructure, they cripple their users instead. There are many reasons to use a VPN, that was but a limited selection. ("Split-tunneling") This has become somewhat a marketing term nowadays, but actually explains the nature of the traffic flow well. In this guide only the programs set to use the VPN connection will use it, nothing else. All your traffic goes past the VPN while torrent client traffic (or any other selected program) uses only the VPN connection. ("Kill switch") We'll literally nail it using software settings of your program (the torrent client). This is a marketing-loaded name. In short: if the VPN connection is not available, no traffic ought to be sent bypassing it. In most cases where you have a VPN redirect all your system traffic - you should not rely on it as a feature. The OpenVPN software on Windows is not 100% proof, based on empirical evidence (reconnects and startup/shutdown phases) and some other VPN providers do no better (based on comments and stories). The only bulletproof solution: the VPN tunnel is set up on an intermediary device your PC is connected to - your end device (the PC) has no chance whatsoever to bypass the tunnel in that case. If the VPN provider uses a firewall under the hood, that's good too but with this guide you will not need a firewall nor rely on the VPN software. ("Dual-hop") With the knowledge and methods from this guide you will be able to daisy-chain multiple VPN servers. In essence, your traffic passes PC->VPN1->VPN2->Destination. This was not intended for this guide nor with AirVPN, it's finicky and I wouldn't recommend it myself without a real need and skills to automate the setup and configuration. How it will work Many users (aka mostly idiots on Reddit) are running in circles like qBittorrent is the only client (or probably the only application in the universe, unconfirmed) that can be set to use a certain VPN. Here's the technicality: this is called 'binding' - you can 'bind to IP' which will force the app to use a specific IP address and nothing else. If it cannot use the IP (when VPN is disconnected) then it will not be able to do any networking at all. The OS will deny any communication with the internet: boom! Here's your praised 'kill switch' and 'split-tunneling', 2-in-1. This is the next best bulletproof solution (the only better alternative is to use an intermediary VPN device, as any software could choose a different interface now to communicate with the internet). In a broader sense, you want to 'bind to a network interface' - your client will use any available IPs from the VPN interface - making it ready for IPv4 and IPv6. Oh and you don't need to change the IP once the VPN connection changes to another server. The OS handles the rest. Examples of programs that can bind to user-defined addresses include: (Windows) ping, tracert (IPv6-only, WTF?), curl and wget, and many others, including your favorite torrent client You will find guides online how to do that in your client or just look in settings. (Linux-specific differences of the guide) If you are a Linux/*nix user, there're some minor changes to the quick guide below: * Create custom VPN interface: Create with ip tuntap command. The below line will create 5 interfaces "tun-air1" etc. for YOUR user. Specifying your user allows OpenVPN to drop root rights after connection and run under your user (security). AirVPN allows up to 5 connections. If you have no use for this, create only one. Note: User-owned tunnel interfaces allow to be used by your non-root $user account, but there're issues with running OpenVPN without elevated permissions as $user user="$(whoami)"; for i in {1..5}; do sudo ip tuntap add dev "tun-airvpn$i" mode tun user "$user" group "$user"; done Check their existance with ip -d a -- the interfaces will not be shown under /dev/tun* ALTERNATIVE: openvpn --mktap/--mktun. See manual with man openvpn * Select custom VPN interface: This config part differs from Windows, very confusing. Steps: 1. Replace "dev-node" in config with "dev" 2. Add "dev-type tun" or "tap". Example of config: # if you have these defined multiple times, last entries override previous entries dev tun-airvpn1 # previously dev-node dev-type tun # previously "dev tun" on Windows There're no more differences. In-depth explanation: If you try to use dev-node like for Windows, you will see: OpenVPN log: ERROR: Cannot open TUN/TAP dev /dev/tun-airvpn1: No such file or directory (errno=2) Example strace of error: openat(AT_FDCWD, "/dev/tun-airvpn1", O_RDWR) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory) OpenVPN cannot find the TUN/TAP with the name? No, on Linux/*nix/*BSD dev-node has a totally different meaning. Dev-node specifies where the control interface with the kernel is located. On Linux it's usually /dev/node/tun, for the "mknode" command. If OpenVPN can't detect it for some reason, then you'd need to use dev-node. Finally you can start OpenVPN from terminal: sudo openvpn --config 'path/to/config.ovpn' --user mysystemusername --group mysystemusergroup PS: There're issues when running OpenVPN under your current $user. I think the problem was that it couldn't remove added routes after a disconnect. Instead run OpenVPN as root (isn't a good advice but it's what works) Windows Quick Guide Go to the folder where you installed OpenVPN and its exe files: 'C:\Program Files\OpenVPN\' Open CMD inside the 'bin' folder: Hold Shift + Right Click the 'bin' folder -> 'Open Command Window here' We will use tapctl.exe to create a new VPN network interface solely for use with AirVPN (to look around: run "tapctl.exe" or "tapctl.exe help") C:\Program Files\OpenVPN\bin>tapctl create --name AirVPN-TAP {FDA13378-69B9-9000-8FFE-C52DEADBEEF0} C:\Program Files\OpenVPN\bin> A TAP interface is created by default. I have not played enough with Wireguard's TUN to recommend it. You can check it out, it will be under adapters in your Windows network settings Important: Configure your app/torrent client to use this 'AirVPN-TAP' interface. This is what ensures your traffic never leaks. It may appear under a different name, in such case find out which one it is in the output of 'ipconfig /all' (enter this into CMD) If your client does not allow to bind to a general interface but a specific IP (poor decision) then connect to the VPN first to find out the local IP within the VPN network. In this case with AirVPN you may only use one single server or you'll have to constantly change the IP in settings. Generate AirVPN configs where you connect to the server via IPv4! This is important Add these to the .ovpn config files (either under 'Advanced' on the config generator page or manually to each config file) # NOPULL START route-nopull # IF YOU DO NOT USE ANOTHER VPN THAT TAKES OVER ALL YOUR TRAFFIC, USE "net_gateway" (just copy-paste all of this) # net_gateway WILL BE AUTOMATICALLY DETERMINED AND WILL WORK IF YOU CONNECT THROUGH OTHER NETWORKS LIKE A PUBLIC WIFI # personally, due to a second VPN, I had to specify my router IP explicitly instead of net_gateway: # "default"/"vpn_gateway"/"remote_host"/"net_gateway" are allowed placeholders for IPv4 route remote_host net_gateway route vpn_gateway route default 666 route-ipv6 ::/0 default 666 dev-node AirVPN-TAP # END OF NOPULL Test if the configuration works. Full tests, don't leave it up to chance. In-depth explanation of the OpenVPN config route-nopull rejects any networking routes pushed to you by the server, we will write our own route remote_host <router IP> we tell our system that, to reach remote_host (the AirVPN server IP), it must send traffic to <router IP>. The subnet mask says that this only applies to this single IP set <router IP> to be net_gateway (only for Windows users, check availability on other platforms) <router IP> may be any of the OpenVPN placeholders too, for example "net_gateway" should work universally (you avoid hard-coding the router IP and if it ever changes: wondering years later why the config no longer works) <router IP> is "" in my case, for my home router that connects me to the internet. route vpn_gateway we tell our system that all 10.x.x.x traffic will be sent to the AirVPN server the internal VPN network with AirVPN is always on the - network range. The subnet mask reflects that. However this may interfere with other VPNs if you ever need to be connected to both at once. I will not go into detail on this. What you need to do is to be more specific with 10.x.x.x routes in this config, i.e. instead of /8 subnet, only route the specific /24 subnet of the current VPN server (AirVPN uses a /24 subnet for your connections on each VPN server -> 10.a.b.0 vpn_gateway is one of OpenVPN placeholders route default 666 allow routing of ANY traffic via the VPN we set the metric to 666, metric defined as path cost (historically) so setting it to a high value will make sure no normal connection runs through it, unless specifically bound to the VPN IP. route-ipv6 ::/0 default 666 same for IPv6. How many can claim they have working VPN IPv6 setup? Welcome in the future. IPv6 is over 20 years old at this point anyhow. dev-node AirVPN-TAP (Windows-only) tell OpenVPN to ONLY use this network interface to create the VPN tunnel on. Nothing should interfere with our setup now That's all, folks! Note: Somehow on Windows my AirVPN connection receives a wrong internal IP that doesn't enable networking at first. In my case I need to wait 1-3 minutes until OpenVPN reconnects itself based on ping timeout: after the reconnect I receive another IP and everything starts to work. I do not know whether it's an OpenVPN or a Windows bug. One last note: using multiple VPNs Actually this will work, that's how I roll. As long as both VPNs don't clash by using the same subnet. If this happens, you will need to change Line 5 to point to a more specific (aka smaller) subnet tailored to your AirVPN server. Specifying a 10.x.x.0/24 subnet for routing will surely do (subnet mask: Just be aware that you cannot practically use the same IP range in both networks at the same time (well, you'd need to bind the application you are using to either interface, which you cannot do with a browser or the printing service in case of internal resources). (The story of broken net_gateway) For this placeholder, OpenVPN attempts to determine your 'default gateway', i.e. the router all your internet traffic passes through. It normally works, but may not be supported on other platforms (Linux, sigh). However it has one unintended side-effect: if you already have a VPN that reroutes all your traffic, net_gateway will make all AirVPN traffic go through the first VPN: Your traffic -> VPN1 -> Internet Torrent traffic -> VPN1 -> AirVPN -> Internet That's the unintended dual-hop. Surely you can extend that scheme to 3,4,n-hops if you fiddle enough with routing, subnet masks and correct order. I'm not responsible for headaches We avoid that behavior with Line 4 from our config - the remote_host line forces the AirVPN traffic to go straight to the internet (through your LAN router). One more thing: net_gateway is not available for IPv6 routes in OpenVPN. That's why it currently only works with a IPv4 connection to the VPN server. (Crash course: Subnet masks) You've seen the weird number above. You should refer to other pages for a proper explanation, but basically this is a very simple way for computers to determine the range of IP addresses that are part of a network (a subnet). What's simple for computers is very hard to grasp for us humans. 255 means there are NO changes allowed to the first set of IP numbers. I.e. the 10 in always stays a 10. 0 means all numbers can be used. I.e. the zeroes in can be (0-255), lowest address is and the last address is (technically, is the first and the last is reserved for 'broadcast') Any number in between denotes ... a range in between. 2^(32-prefix)=number. Number is the amount of available addresses and prefix is called the subnet prefix. Both are meant to describe the same thing. For or with subnet mask of you get addresses in range -- 2^(32-26) = 64. Similarly you can convert the subnet mask into the prefix number and work from there; or eyeball it: 256-192 = 64. (Two ways to accomplish routing) If you have two equal routes, e.g. goes through VPN with metric 666 goes through LAN router with metric 10 then obviously the default route for a packet will travel through (2) - because it's a cheaper path. Unless an application specifies to talk only on the VPN interface. However a different rule applies whenever a more specific route exists goes through VPN2 with metric 666 goes through LAN router with metric 10 goes through VPN1 with metric 30 goes through VPN1 with metric 30 Here the routes (3) and (4) cover the entire addressing space, just like However because they are more specific, they'll be preferred for all traffic because these routes are more selective. This is how OpenVPN does override system routing with VPN routing by default. This is also what the other guide attempted as well, by pushing four {0,64,128,192}.0.0.0/2 routes. Since that was more specific, it would in return override the 0,128 routes and so on. We can calculate how many multi-hops we would be able to do with this method: IPv4 has 32 bits, we will not touch the last 8 bits of the subnets. That leaves us then with 24 bits or 24 maximum amount of hops. Theoretically. The routing table would be outright f---- to look at. This method is a bit more 'secure' in a way because you don't need to rely on overriding a certain metric value, you just slap a more specific route on top and it's automatically made default. Also you don't need to override the default gateway (router) and all that junk. However with my preferred method (first) you can quite easily do DIY dual-hop routing: goes through VPN2 with metric 666 goes through LAN router with metric 10 goes through VPN1 with metric 30 goes through VPN1 with metric 30 <VPN2-IP>/32 goes through VPN1 with metric (any) Such a setup will make sure that all traffic destined for the internet (hits 3 and 4) will go through VPN1. If a program specifies the VPN2 network interface, then VPN2 will be reached via VPN1 first (you->VPN1->VPN2). This is quite 'quizzacious' to set up/control. Not part of this guide. As a part of this guide we told the system to route VPN2 via router on LAN. Yet you could indeed chain multiple VPNs this way and force the VPN1 to not only catch all traffic but also be chained via multiple VPNs itself so you would not need to manually set programs. I've seen scripts online for that purpose. Although be aware of MTU issues due to encapsulation. Troubleshooting tips TEST. SERIOUSLY, TEST YOUR SETUP BEFORE ENGAGING YOUR DATA CANNONS! A couple hours now are infinitely many times more worth than a 'leaked' mistake and headaches later on. https://ipleak.net/ - tests your client's default connection route. It would not tell you if your client is alternatively available on LAN for example. If you followed this guide and set up your client correctly, it will not be available on LAN etc. See the images below: 'without interface binding' (most newbie users) and 'with interface binding' (this guide) Wireshark to inspect how the traffic is actually flowing. Follow online tutorials, you only need to select the right network interfaces and filter traffic by port/IP (tcp/udp and your local or VPN IP) curl to send network requests. Like ifconfig.co / ifconfig.io will respond with the IP address it sees you as: curl --interface <your computer IP> http://ifconfig.co curl --interface http://ifconfig.co # for IPv4 or IPv6, default route curl -4 http://ifconfig.co curl -6 http://ifconfig.co > route -4 print and > route -6 print on Windows. To compare the outputs, you can use Notepad++ with the compare plugin (you need two documents open, one in left and another in right pane before comparing). PS: AirVPN configuration generator does not support #comment lines. Please fix. Sorry Linux users, maybe another time I will write something tailored to you. But I believe you are smart cookies and will adapt the OS-specific steps to fulfill this guide's goal.
  2. I am getting very high CPU usage with latest Eddie client on Windows 10. Same issue with beta. All it takes is for Eddie to run (idle) in the background without establishing connection and the CPU usage goes up to 15%. I tried this on 2 PCs (laptops) and the fans always go crazy as soon as the app is started. Never an issue with official OpenVPN client or Wireguard client. Am I the only one having this issue? I haven't come across any complaints in the forums.
  3. The port-forwarding page was updated very recently (neat!) and there's now an option to test whether the port is open and reachable. I did test it: unreachable! Darn, I must've changed/enabled the firewall again. Disable it? No, I will show you the proper way how to configure Windows Firewall for port-forwarding. Screenshots attached below Go to "Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Windows Firewall". You will see the Home/Work and Public networks. Find out which one is your OpenVPN connection to AirVPN (mine is properly named, yours will not be), preferably you should've set it as a public network like me. if the VPN connection is not classified as a public network, change it now. There's no reason to allow Windows to be promiscuous with the local services like printing and file sharing on the VPN network. Read what is says about incoming connections: "Block all connections to programs that are not on the list of allowed programs". We will need to change that On the left click "Advanced settings" (opens "Windows Firewall with Advanced Security") - OR skip steps 1,2: Press Win+R keys and run "WF.msc" You'll see the same thing as in 3: "Public profile is Active - Inbound connections that do not match a rule are blocked" and "Outbound connections that do not match a rule are allowed" This means we only need to create inbound rules to allow incoming connections (port-forwarding) [Allow Program] Go to "Inbound Rules" -> New Rule... Rule Type = Program, Next This program path = choose the program's .exe file. Like "C:\Gameserver\server.exe", NEXT For Minecraft that's either java.exe or javaw.exe in Program Files. Windows: cmd.exe and run "where java" to find out the path. The first line is your answer Action = Allow the connection, Next Profile = Check the profile where AirVPN adapter is (e.g. Public). You can select all three checkboxes, it's ok. Name = "MyServer (allow program)" Your new entry will appear at the top. When you next visit the settings, it will be sorted alphabetically. [Allow ports] Only doing (5) was not enough to get port-forwarding to work, I had to explicitly allow the ports. Go to "Inbound Rules" -> New Rule... Rule Type = Port, Next TCP/UDP (repeat these steps to enable TCP AND UDP with 2 different rules) Specific local ports: Enter the port from port-forwarding page. If you specified a different local port there, enter the local port in Firewall settings. Next Allow the connection, Next Profile = See above or check all Name = "MyServer (allow TCP _port#_) Repeat these steps to allow UDP Now port-forwarding should work and inbound connections be accepted by your server or content-sharing application. This guide was sponsored by windows 7 gang Final result (I forgot to allow UDP 1234 too) Go to Windows Firewall, click advanced settings (left): Create new Inbound rule to Allow program (step 5): Now the individual TCP/UDP ports (step 6)
  4. Hello all, I am looking to create a docker container or some type of script to rotate my IP addresses. My goal is to rotate my IP address every time that it is unable to connect to a given IP (TTL like 30 seconds). However, If I am unable to do this I would like to simply rotate my IP address every couple of minutes. Does anyone know how I might do this efficiently? I would preferably run it from a local machine or docker container routing my applications through it.
  5. Good day. Today I updated my AirVPN client from 2.10 -> 2.13. Played around with settings (the new UI needs to be wider than before to show all fields in the server list) then connected... To my surprise, my Windows Firewall Notifier tool (which opens a pop-up for blocked connections) started popping-up non-stop; the Windows DNS Client and other Windows Services were all trying to get DNS resolution from my router (the normal DNS address is the router on my system). This wasn't happening with previous AirVPN client. Started looking for the source of the problem and found that the DNS entry in my normal network adapter had not been changed to AirVPN's, as it was with the older Eddie client. AirVPN had apparently configured the Windows Filtering Platform to correctly block DNS queries to anything but the AirVPN servers (which triggered a Blocked-Connection event, which made Windows Firewall Notifier open a pop-up.) And for some reason Windows kept on querying the non-VPN DNS server. This was really annoying, since I could not create a firewall rule to block access to the regular DNS (thereby silencing the Windows Firewall Notifier tool) because then I would not have been able to resolve DNS when the AirVPN client wasn't running. Went into Advanced Options in Eddie and found this "Force All Network Interfaces for DNS" -> Woohoo, problem resolved! Please make sure this option doesn't get deprecated in future Eddie clients; without this I would have to manually edit the DNS entry of my NIC every time I connected the VPN. Thank you. Best Regards,
  6. Hello, As the title suggests, I'm having issues with Eddie for Win10. The software works like a charm, I never had any problem with it. The only issue, if this deserves this name, is that everytime I shut down the computer, I have to manually close Eddie. When trying to automatically shutdown, the system complains saying that this software is preventing Win10 from shutting down properly. So, is there any configuration or setting I should modify to shut it down cleanly and automatically when I shut down windows or is just another security measure to prevent leakings? Thank you
  7. I've posted this issue before over a year ago I do believe, and the answer then was to disable IPv6 on all of my Ethernet adapter. However, this fix no longer works, so I am returning here to see what I can do to resolve the issue. I am forced to use SSL port 443 as that is the only port that will connect at my job. What's occurring is that if I open any Microsoft services after the VPN has been connected, it will prompt me that I need to sign in, then redirect me to a blank page that states "We are unable to connect right now. Please check your network and try again later." This occurs in Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft OneNote, and in the Store on Windows 10. I have gone into C:\Users\|myuserfolder\|AppData\Local\AirVPN and deleted default.xml to restart from a fresh configuration. From a "Fresh" configuration I can fire up Eddie, go straight into the configuration, go to Protocols, uncheck Automatic, and select SSL 443, fire it up, and this still occurs. I have verified this happens on multiple machines and on multiple networks. What gives? How can I resolve this issue? Any help would be much appreciated! If there is any other information I can provide to help resolve this, I'd be more than happy to oblige!
  8. Hello, yesterday i've made a new Windows7 64bit installation on a Samsung Evo SSD. Everything is fine but the airvpn client installer will not work. I have tried the exe file and the zip file. at the exe installation it shows no errors but after installation there is nothing in my program files directory or anywhere else to find. when i start the airvpn client from the re-packed Zip file, it shows this error message: Windows WFP, Start failed:Failed to Create packet filter interface I am thankfull for any suggestions.
  9. Hi there I'm using Windows 10 and cannot get the openvpn gui to connect automatically on start up. I have the GUI to start automatically with Windows, and I have also set it to run automatically in Services. I still have to manually on "show hidden icons", then right click and select connect. Is there not a way of fully automating this process? Thanks
  10. Staff


    https://www.pidgin.im/ Accounts -> Manage Accounts -> Add... Under Basic: Protocol: XMPP Username: Domain: xmpp.airvpn.org Resource: Password: Under Advanced ensure that Connection security is set to Require encryption.
  11. I recently got AirVPN and have used it successfully a few times before, but I've run into an issue where the UI version of Eddie won't open. When I run the .exe on Windows, the gray icon shows up on my taskbar, but vanishes after ~45 seconds (or immediately if I try to click on it). There's still an instance of the "Eddie - Windows UI" background task running, but no window ever opens, and I don't seem to actually connect to one of AirVPN's servers. I'd like to just use the CLI instead, but it's been pretty unreliable the few times I've tried. Has anyone run into an issue like this before?
  12. Today I bought a trial of PIA just to test it out and see how it compared to AirVPN. Well, I installed the PIA client on my Windows computer and wasn't satisfied with PIA, so I uninstalled PIA, uninstalled the TAP driver, then uninstalled Eddie as well to make sure nothing went wrong. Well, it did go wrong somehow. I reinstalled Eddie, logged in, it automatically installed the TAP driver again, and then it wouldn't connect to any servers at all, so I uninstalled and reinstalled again, restarted my PC, and now when I connect to a server with Network Lock on, it looks like there is a DNS error of some sort. Previously, when I went to ipleak.net, the DNS testing was near instant and it said "1 server". Now, it takes a very long time for it to test the DNS and it says "0 servers, 100 errors". Also, loading websites works at first, but 3 or 4 minutes after connecting to VPN, domain names will just not resolve. I type in google.com or airvpn.org and it just stays loading forever. Please help, I have no idea what is wrong either because the Eddie log is perfectly normal as if there were no issues. I have restarted the PC a few more times and uninstalled and re installed Eddie a few times but still no dice
  13. Every time I try to log in to my bank website over VPN it gives me issues, so I was wondering how I can exclude the bank website's traffic from going over the VPN using the eddie client?
  14. Last time I had PureVPN which I installed on my dedicated server's Windows Server through RDP, but right when vpn software started installed drivers the connection was lost forever, I had to send all my files to a backup server through rescue mode and install win server again. I don't want this to happen again, so I want to know if by installing airvpn it will stop the internet connection? Before all these I used EarthVPN and it didn't had any extra drivers to install, so I was a long time user of it, but now I want something better but they all install drivers... I'm trying out portable version, but still it reminds about drivers. I would try this on a virtualbox or something, but I don't have time do do it... So I guess I better not connect, because it will ruin my rdp connection and remote server's network adapters? I don't know if it's the kill switch / network lock or openvpn drivers or tap interface that ruined my remote server last time. I see there are options to disable them. But it still says driver will be installed at next connection.
  15. Hi, Eddie cannot connect on my Windows 10 machine. I get a netsh error when trying to connect to a recommended server. Any help is appreciated. Thank you. Eddie_20180615_110852.txt
  16. Usage of operating systems is like living in countries: There are laws, things you may or may not do. Also, there are people, talking one or two certain languages, behaving in a certain way. Operating systems are like that: There are restrictions on the system what you can do and what is more difficult. And there is software, supporting certain languages, behaving in a certain way. You can of course decide to use two or more OSes, but it's like renting a holiday cottage and visiting it a few times a year. There's always home, as there's always a primary OS. I chose this simile because it reflects a bit of myself. I lived a certain amount of my lifetime in Russia, and now I live in Germany. Two different legal systems, two different kinds of people. As it is with switching my primary OS: I've been using Windows for a certain amount of time and now I switched to Linux. Why? Windows more and more gives me the feeling that it's nothing but a machine for procrastination and entertainment (besides being a cash cow for Microsoft). Like Facebook, where scrolling through your feed gives neither knowledge nor wisdom, it's only good at burning time. Also, Microsoft's recent publications marked them the enemy for me: What reputable, customer-centered company would publically say "Our goal is to have 1 billion Windows (10) installations by 2018"? It just shows me that Windows is no longer the OS "you want to fall in love with". Also, when Windows 10 was announced along with the Windows-as-a-Service plan, I really started to question my habits. I would not want to pay for an OS which spys on people and restricts both your creativity and productivity. My intention with this post is to show how easy or difficult it is to switch to Linux and what steps it involved for me so you get an idea how much work is needed. The thread can then be used for discussions. The first decision one needs to make, besides deciding to actually switch, is which distribution one's going to use (and which desktop environment but that's another thing). Since I work with SUSE Linux Exterprise in the company, I wanted to use OpenSUSE. So I downloaded a Live CD of it, wrote it on a USB drive and attempted to start it. It didn't work, it hang on a "Assuming drive cache: write through" message referencing the USB drive. To see whether it's a problem with USB, I went ahead and installed it. This time, it worked, and I was welcomed with GNOME. And while I was making my first steps in this new world.. it hung itself up. Just like that. It still did after several reboots. So I was thinking, maybe it was a driver issue because I experienced dozens of those in the past. So I downloaded Ubuntu to see if this would work, and the Live CD did. I didn't install it, though. It's popular and maybe it has the highest compatibility with different kinds of hardware (due to easy access to proprietary drivers) but I thought to myself, I don't want a distribution aimed at beginners. I also used Linux Mint on my netbook and found it too much pre-configured (but Cinnamon was cool!). So I decided to go with Debian out of a few reasons. I like how Debian puts you in control while you don't need to configure everything in detail.There's this huge software repository, of course.It's well documented and supported.I also like Debian's mindset about free software, like the DFSG (there also were some guidelines on behavior inside the community or something like it but I don't find the links anymore ).Installed, booted, same hanging. Here the DE would "crash" and show a shell with one repeated message from nouveau: "GPU lock". This is where I knew it has to be the open source driver causing this; it forced me to use the proprietary driver for now. Its installation could be done in two ways: By downloading it from nVidias homepage or from Debian's non-free repos. I chose the latter since it was easier to set up. I even found a guide for this. Anyway, the drivers fixed the only hardware problem I had with switching. Next steps included the configuration of the OS for production. Setting up Cinnamon This included spawning a few desklets and altering the taskbar. xkcd on your desktop, what could be cooler than being greeted with one of these when you log in? And of course a system monitor. Mounting the other drives I reserved a 500 GiB partition for Linux, but there's still the other half of the hard drive plus my Windows 8.1 SSD and a 2 TiB media drive, all of which I wanted to have access to from Linux. Mounting the SSD and the media drive was easy and I "hardcoded" it directly into /etc/fstab. But the other half of the hard drive caused a small error. The thing is, it still contains a working Windows installation which I kept there to allow troubleshooting the SSD in case it failed. mount told me it wouldn't mount the partition in read-write mode because Windows was allegedly not shut down completely. I don't know what the Windows 8 bootloader is doing but going through man mount I found an option to clear the hibernation cache or something which did the trick.Installing and setting up programs I needed I was using mostly open source and cross-platform software on Windows, in general software which was also available on Linux. Even migrating settings sometimes involved a simple move command (like Firefox and Thunderbird profiles). Also installed Steam and Wine. And Steam on Wine, though I use this combination in very rare occasions. I was very surprised to see almost all games I played on Windows were available as Linux builds on Steam. So much for "Linux is not ready for gaming". Also: openvpn and airvpn, both of which work much better than on Windows in terms of stability, qbittorrent, vlc, PDF editing tools, a number of others as well. Some of these apps were installed to replace already included things, for example zsh instead of bash.Overall experience Linux is a wonderful desktop OS. But it depends on many points how easy or difficult it will be for you. Sometimes the switch fails because of unsupported hardware. As you have read, the open source driver nouveau has its problems with certain nVidia graphics cards. When I searched for this on the internet I found out I am not the only one with this: nVidia don't support nouveau like they supported nv so most work on nouveau had to be done by reverse engineering their proprietary drivers which involved much work and time I imagine.Most people at my age don't switch because they use Windows for gaming, especially for playing the notorious "triple A" games which are traditionally Windows/DirectX only, using the newest tech hardware and software can offer. I can understand this point of view, even I still have Windows on my SSD which I see as a last reserve when Wine fails. There was no reason to boot Windows yet so update-wise it's like 60 days behind. But in most cases it fails because people have no experience with Linux. Most of them expect it to work like Windows. "Windows != Linux" is often cited in this case - Windows is not Linux. Linux does not aim to be like Windows, Linux also doesn't want to be a replacement for Windows. Understanding this is key if you're new to it. If you do the switch, be ready to read. Like, a lot. As for me, I had experience with Linux before. The hardware problem was a small one, multiple smaller complications arose, ensued, were overcome and I don't focus my time on gaming. My choice is clear. What about you? Planning on switching? Maybe you already use Linux? If yes, tell us which distribution and desktop you use and why. Give some tips for "potential switchers", for newbies and for pros if you like. Windows you ditch, to Linux you switch. Edit: I have stumbled upon my second self on Reddit who wrote this:
  17. https://www.speedguide.net/downloads.php Here's a tool I've found effective in helping my Internet Connection (while running AirVPN). The tool receives a lot of positive feedback from users. For most of you Windows users it's probably 2nd nature to optimize the settings this tool 'tweaks' -but for the novice to enthusiast, maybe you'll find it helpful. Worked like a charm for me. If inclined to go for it, create a new folder for the .exe/tool, then any back-up data is automatically housed in newly created folder after running. I sanboxed it first, ran it though virustotal.com (no negative comments or flags -but please download and execute w/ caution as YMMV). AirVPN Tech Support didn't say it was unsafe to use, but they didn't say it was "safe" either -as it's closed, ofc. The website is pretty neat as well... lots of interesting reads (at least for me). Hope this program helps a fellow noob... and if anyone recommends against using it, Id welcome the feedback as Id rather be safe than sorry. Thank you!
  18. Hey there When having a torrent client activated over night, Windows 10 decided to restart itself on it's own. It couldn't fully restart because of the Client preventing it, and that's a good thing. But is the Network Lock still active in that state? And if not, does the torrent client run anyway? It sounds a bit weird but hopefully you guys understand what I mean. Huge thanks for answers in advance
  19. The findings I always has an 100Mbit/s connection from my ISP. This always worked well with AirVPN I got about 92Mbit/s with this VPN. Some days ago I got a 200Mbit/s connection from my ISP and the VPN speeds dropped to about 60Mbit/s and sometimes lower. I tried several VPN and also different protocols. Even stunnel didn't fixed the problem. The solution I often read about changing the MTU size or the mssfix value to 1300. This did not the Job for me. My solution was the TCP Optimizer. This tool can just be executed and must not be installed. It should be run in Administrator Mode. (Right click on the exe file -> run as administrator) Step 1 adjust your connection speed Step 2 select your network adapter Step 3 Click on MTU/Latency Step 4 Click on largest MTU [do this once when you are connected to the VPN and once outside the VPN] In VPN I got a result of maximum MTU 1300 and outside I had 1500. Please share your results and your connection speed. Step 5 Back to general settings At the bottom choose "custom" set MTU to the calculated value and "apply changes". Even after the changes not all AirVPN servers worked well for me. I will create a list with servers who worked with my options. Please report your results if this helped you. This list is not complete: List of Server with 200Mbit/s AchernarAdhara AlderaminAlphirkCaelumCanesCapricornusCentaurusFormalhautZubenTurais List of Servers with slow speeds AchirdAlamakAlchibaAlcyone AlphardAlpheccaAlramiAlshainBatenBellatrixCanisTarazedZibalSubraSitulaSkat
  20. I’ve been using AirVPN for a long time, I don’t plan on leaving anytime soon either. Just a quick question really, why doesn’t AirVPN software (Eddie) have an update notification? Each time a newer version comes out I have to stumble upon it from either the forums or by checking the latest version on the download page. Is there a reason? Is it already implemented but I’m just not seeing it? If it’s not yet been implemented, are there any plans to implement it. Just a little notification that informs you of a newer version.
  21. Hi, I am seeking some help with an issue that I have. I have airvpn set up and install on my ubuntu machine that I am using as a file/media server. I have gotten plex to work remotely perfectly. Before installing airvpn, I would connect to this media server using my windows machine by putting in the domain name that I assigned to the media server into putty on the windows machine and I would connect and do whatever I needed to do via the command line. After installing airvpn and running it on the ubuntu machine (media server) I can no longer connect via putty from the windows machine to the ubuntu machine (media server) Can a staff or admin provide me with some kind of help on this topic so I can fix this issue. Thank you.
  22. Everyone knows Firefox. It's an extremely popular browser known for its versatility and a bit of a focus on privacy/security. Just a bit because Mozilla made the news with some questionable things, especially the Sponsored Tiles may have surprised some regular users. Still, Firefox is on top of everything since it's (mostly) open source and very extension-friendly - something other browsers just can't say about themselves (if they could talk ). The Chromium part of Chrome might be open source, but Google built in many proprietary parts.Opera is just based on an open source renderer, the rest is proprietary.Internet Explorer, or Edge, is proprietary software in its entirety.Every other browser you might have heard of is likely to be based on the Firefox codebase, so you don't have much options if you are looking for a FLOSS browser on your PC - it will be some flavor of Firefox, where every flavor alters/hardcodes something else in comparison to the original. Waterfox is no exception: It's based on Firefox. It's even so much based on it, you could think this is Firefox. So what does Waterfox change, and why am I writing about it? One of the annoyances of Firefox is that Mozilla doesn't offer a 64-bit version officially, there's only a beta. Waterfox is designed to run on those systems, even on 64-bit versions of Windows XP. Also, a few benchmarks have shown that Waterfox increases the browser's performance. But I wouldn't write about Waterfox if there weren't changes related to your "sense of openness" or privacy. So, in comparison to Firefox, there are no Sponsored Tiles - they were completely removed. all Telemetry/data collection things were removed.Encrypted Media Extensions (the proprietary DRM part) are disabled.the Pocket integration (also proprietary) was removed.the plugin whitelist was removed, containing mostly proprietary plugins (on install, those plugins will be enabled without the user explicitly enabling them; I think this tech is no longer used in Firefox, anyway, but stlll). As a result, unsigned extensions are allowed to be installed again. Less secure for normal users, but gives you back your freedom of plugin choice AND your ability to run older plugins Want to test it out? Just install it. It uses your existing Firefox profile, so when you launch it you will find everything right where you left it. You can independently uninstall Firefox or Waterfox without issues. Download it from the website or just compile it yourself. -- Update 01.01.2017 -- As of Waterfox 50.0, it is possible to build Waterfox on Linux, making Waterfox available for all major platforms. I'm now considering Waterfox again.
  23. Is it possible to be connected to air using Eddie and still be able to connect via my works vpn?
  24. I was reading the locked thread about AirVPN updating their server-side in response to the article about security vulnerabilities in OpenVPN, and was wondering how a user of, say Windows, or a user with OpenVPN on their mobile device would go about updating in a way that would maintain the settings they're currently using for AirVPN? The aforementioned thread does include a way to update in Linux, but doesn't say anything about other OS systems.
  25. Hi. I configured Eddie so that the IPs of certain websites are accessed only from outside the VPN tunnel. (Settings -> Routes) These routing rules work just fine, but as soon as I activate network lock I can't access the specified sites anymore. I can ping them, but I can't access them inside the browser. They basically get blocked. I tried multiple versions of Eddie (2.12.4, 2.11.15, 2.10.39, various protocols and ports and of course various websites. I also tried both methods for network lock (Windows Firewall & Windows Filtering Platform). I'm having this issue on both Windows 7 and Windows 10. Any ideas how to fix this? Anyone else having this problem? Please, if you have any idea at all on how to fix this, let me know. I really need both network lock and routing rules to work simultaneously.
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