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Technical Specs

We provide ONLY OpenVPN protocol/servers.
  • OpenVPN Data Channel: OpenVPN version>=2.4 available ciphers (data-ciphers directive server-side):
    CHACHA20-POLY1305 AES-256-GCM AES-256-CBC AES-192-GCM AES-192-CBC AES-128-GCM AES-128-CBC
    OpenVPN <2.4, AES-256-CBC as data channel cipher.
  • OpenVPN Control Channel: negotiation with following TLS ciphers (IANA names, tls-cipher directive server-side):
    TLS-DHE-RSA-WITH-CHACHA20-POLY1305-SHA256 TLS-DHE-RSA-WITH-AES-256-GCM-SHA384 TLS-DHE-RSA-WITH-AES-256-CBC-SHA256 TLS-DHE-RSA-WITH-AES-256-CBC-SHA
    Unlike the OpenVPN default, we don't accept any AES-128 or any TLS-ECDHE.
  • Perfect Forward Secrecy through Diffie-Hellman key exchange DHE. After the initial key negotiation, re-keying is performed every 60 minutes (this value can be lowered unilaterally by the client)
  • 4096 bit RSA keys size
  • 4096 bit Diffie-Hellman keys size (unique for each server, VPN or webserver)

Recommended daemons (OpenVPN client version>=2.4)

  • Encrypt and authenticate all control channel packets (tls-crypt directive) with 2048 bit.
  • SHA512 message digest (if the negotiated cipher is not AEAD, e.g. GCM).

Compatibility daemons (OpenVPN client version<2.4)

  • TLS additional authorization layer key (tls-auth directive): 2048 bit
  • HMAC-SHA1 for authentication

Available port/protocols

Multiple entry ports (53, 80, 443, 1194, 2018, 28439, 38915, 41185), native OpenVPN tcp/udp or with additional tunnel layers (SSL, SSH).

Assigned IP

Servers support both IPv4 and IPv6 tunnels and are reachable over IPv4 and IPv6 on entry-IP addresses.
DNS server address is the same as gateway, in both IPv4 and IPv6 layer.

Chosen IPv4 Local Address

OpenVPN: 10.{daemon}.*.*, Subnet-Mask: 255.255.255.0
WireGuard: 10.128.0.0/10

Chosen IPv6 Unique Local Address (ULA)

OpenVPN: fde6:7a:7d20:{daemon}::/48
WireGuard: fd7d:76ee:e68f:a993::/64

Restrictions

  • Outbound port 25 blocked to prevent spam.

VPN DNS Server

OpenNIC
Namecoin
  • Every VPN server runs its own DNS server that directly finds out information about root servers, top level domains and authoritative name servers.
  • Our DNS servers are neutral, do not ever inject or alter the requests (other services resolve to search results, try to fix typo etc), and allow users to specify (opt-in) lists (Client ⇨ DNS) or custom answers or exceptions globally at account level or even at single device level.
    We collect third party lists, and also offer our recommendations based on third party lists with our exceptions. On our side, we do not add domains to be blocked.
    Third party lists are generally block-lists used in hosts files, when every entry is matched as a domain. Therefore, if a list includes "abc.com", "subdomain.abc.com" is blocked as well.
    We also support lists that can return custom A,AAAA,CNAME,TXT records, and we support different matching methods: Exact (exact FQDN), Domain (domain and subdomain), Wildcard (with * and ? as wildcards), Contain, Start with, End with.
    We support only third-party lists with open licenses granting re-distribution.
    We provide an API to fetch every and each list in different formats (see Client Area ⇨ API ⇨ dns_lists service)
  • Using our DNS allows our customers to use our anti-geolocation discrimination features. For example, visit a website that allows only United States connections from a Netherlands VPN server.
  • It's recommended to use our DNS server to avoid censorship and use our anti-geolocation features.
  • VPN DNS addresses (private addresses, only reachable from inside the VPN): 10.4.0.1 / fde6:7a:7d20:4::1 - reachable from any virtual subnet
    However, we recommend that your machine accepts the DNS push from our servers. If that's not possible, then we suggest to set the DNS IP address matching the VPN gateway IP address, as this is the safest method to prevent certain attacks based on hijacking.
  • For any kind of issue about censorship or geolocation restriction you encounter using our services, please feel free to write us in our forums or write a support ticket.

DoH, DoT

Every gateway/daemon assigned to you acts as a DNS (port 53), DoH (dns-over-http, port 443), DoT (dns-over-tls, port 853).
DoH and DoT don't add any actual benefit, because plain DNS requests are encrypted inside our tunnel anyway.
However, users might need it for special configurations. In such cases, use dns.airservers.org (automatically resolved into VPN gateway address).
Our DNS returns a NXDOMAIN for "use-application-dns.net", for compatibility reasons.

Special resolutions

check.airservers.org - Gateway IPv4 and IPv6 addresses
exit.airservers.org - Exit-IPv4 and exit-IPv6 addresses
use-application-dns.net - NXDOMAIN, for DoH compatibility, ensure Air DNS will be used (for anti-geolocation features)

Special URLs

https://check.airservers.org - Info about connected server
https://check.airservers.org/api/ - Same as above, in JSON
Use https://ipv4.airservers.org or https://ipv6.airservers.org - Same as above, specific IP layer

Protocols and entry-IP addresses of each VPN server

Every AirVPN server has 4 entry-IPv4 addresses and 4 entry-IPv6 addresses that support different ports and protocols. Look at the faq "How can I get VPN servers entry-IP addresses?" for more information about FQDN resolution.

Type Entry IP Protocol & port Specs Description Min. OpenVPN version
OpenVPN
3UDP 443tls-crypt, tls1.2Recommended for best performance2.4
OpenVPN
3TCP 443tls-crypt, tls1.2If you have issue with UDP2.4
OpenVPN
3UDP 80tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN
3UDP 53tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN
3UDP 1194tls-crypt, tls1.2Official OpenVPN port2.4
OpenVPN
3UDP 2018tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN
3UDP 41185tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges2.4
OpenVPN
4UDP 443tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
4UDP 80tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
4UDP 53tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
4UDP 1194tls-crypt, tls1.2Official OpenVPN port, if your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
4UDP 2018tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
4UDP 41185tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges and blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
3TCP 80tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN
3TCP 53tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN
3TCP 1194tls-crypt, tls1.2Official OpenVPN port2.4
OpenVPN
3TCP 2018tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN
3TCP 41185tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges2.4
OpenVPN
4TCP 1194tls-crypt, tls1.2Official OpenVPN port, if your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
4TCP 2018tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
4TCP 41185tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges and blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
3TCP 22tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
4TCP 80tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
4TCP 53tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
3TCP 38915tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
4TCP 22tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
4TCP 38915tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges and blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
4TCP 443tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
3TCP 28439tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges2.4
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
4TCP 28439tls-crypt, tls1.2If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges and blocks the standard Entry IP2.4
OpenVPN
1UDP 443Recommended for best performance
OpenVPN
1TCP 443If you have issue with UDP
OpenVPN
1UDP 80If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN
1UDP 53If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN
1UDP 1194Official OpenVPN port
OpenVPN
1UDP 2018If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN
1UDP 41185If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges
OpenVPN
2UDP 443If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN
2UDP 80If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN
2UDP 53If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN
2UDP 1194Official OpenVPN port, if your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN
2UDP 2018If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN
2UDP 41185If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges and blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN
1TCP 80If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN
1TCP 53If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN
1TCP 1194Official OpenVPN port
OpenVPN
1TCP 2018If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN
1TCP 41185If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges
OpenVPN
2TCP 1194Official OpenVPN port, if your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN
2TCP 2018If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN
2TCP 41185If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges and blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
1TCP 22If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
2TCP 80If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
2TCP 53If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
1TCP 38915If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
2TCP 22If your ISP blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
2TCP 38915If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges and blocks the standard Entry IP
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
2TCP 443If your ISP applies caps or blocks
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
1TCP 28439If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges
OpenVPN + OpenVPN
2TCP 28439If your ISP applies caps or blocks on lower port ranges and blocks the standard Entry IP

Web Servers

Web site supporting HTTP2, Perfect Forward Secrecy, Secure Renegotiation, TLS 1.2 or 1.3, DHE, ECDHE and HSTS. No external tracking applications or cookies from third parties.
  • airvpn.org web server configuration provides a balance between compatibility and security strength, with no dangerous compromise (A+ rating in Qualys SSL Labs).
  • airvpn.dev web server configuration provides a hardened security configuration to get a rating aiming to 100% (Qualys SSL Labs, CryptCheck) which sacrifices compatibility with older systems and browsers (example: Android 6 will not connect).
  • airvpn3epnw2fnsbx5x2ppzjs6vxtdarldas7wjyqvhscj7x43fxylqd.onion is the onion Tor version. Served in HTTP and HTTPS. HTTP version is recommended, as HTTPS is superfluous with onion hidden services. HTTPS version needs acknowledgment and exception for certificate domain name mismatch, no solution is possible right now.
  • airvpn.eth official frontend via ENS resolution, that resolves into our .onion address.

All website have a PWA (Progressive Web App), use "Add to Home Screen" to instantiate it.
Mail SPF, DKIM, ADSP and DMARC on all domains managed by us.
DNSSEC on our domains (except ipleak.net, airservers.org and airdns.org)

Vulnerability Disclosure Policy and Bug Bounty Program

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